Aircraft cockpit display system provides an audio-visual portion of the human-machine interface, through which the aircrew manages the interface between aircraft avionics and a modern glass cockpit. Advanced aircraft digital glass cockpit systems make use of LCD screens to display crucial flight information. These display systems are based on primary flight displays (PFDs), engine indications and crew alerting system (EICAS), and multifunction displays (MFDs). The use of mechanical flight gauges and instruments which gives graphical representations of information can be abolished by using the advanced system from external sensors, navigation systems and on-board.
The advanced digital glass cockpits are nowadays significantly used by military and defense along with airline companies, as they eliminate the need for a flight engineer, in turn reducing costs. In current past, the digital glass cockpit has become widely available in small aircraft too.
The cockpits of both fixed and rotary-wing military aircraft are going digital. Especially under difficult conditions, the advanced glass cockpits help the pilot for the tasks throughout the flight by improving access to vital information. The global market of the aircraft cockpit display system is primarily driven by the advantages offered by these systems over traditional cockpit systems. These advantages comprise the enhanced accuracy and precision of automation systems and more ergonomic display of the data. There is a system enabled in glass cockpits which comprise feedback loops and self-checking capabilities to alert the pilot about threats before they become emergencies. In addition t this, the advanced system offers a checklist of problems, the pilot can utilize to troubleshoot a problem and correct it immediately.
Furthermore, as the operations of aircraft have become prominently dependent on digital glass cockpit systems, flight crews must be trained to handle possible failures. In current years, numerous incidents involving glass-cockpit blackout have occurred. Consequently, appropriate training is considered as one of the key components for reducing adverse circumstances of aircraft equipped with digital glass cockpit systems.
Aircraft advanced glass cockpit systems are equipped with analog backup display system for important flight instruments including airspeed indicator and altimeter to overcome condition of the blackout.
Trends in the market are the increasing acceptance and enhanced safety parameters of advanced avionics systems that have led to a relaxation of regulations controlling their use. This has persuaded to growth in sales of pre-existing aircraft are opting for an intensive retrofit operation and new aircraft with advanced automated avionic systems. These benefits are anticipated to stimulate the global commercial aircraft avionics systems market and compel manufacturers to offer competitive offerings, thereby increasing the adoption of new technologies into a wider segment of the aircraft fleet.
Honeywell International alongside the US Defence Advanced Research Projects Agency developed the synthetic vision avionics backbone system. This framework is integrated with the commercial aircraft like Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk for effective and safe operations. Further, the airspace transformation programs such as the NextGen in the US and SESAR (Single European Sky ATM Research) in Europe mandate upgrades for various avionic systems in commercial airlines. For instance, the mandate that calls for the adoption of automatic dependent inspection – broadcast (ADS-B), which allows monitoring of aircraft position and other parameters by air traffic control. That will bring in noteworthy revenue to the market.
Another important technological up gradation happening as part of the modernization program include remote processing, which is an emerging technology that uses aircraft as data collectors for the runway condition calculations. Additionally, the functioning of augmented vision on a head-up display to increase situational awareness of pilots has been increasing. These modernization programs will bring in significant revenue to the market in the coming years.
Another example from this market: during 2008, United Airlines Flight 731 experienced a glass-cockpit blackout and thereby it loses all of its attitude indicators, radios, traffic collision avoidance system (TCAS), transponders, and half of the electronic centralized aircraft monitor (ECAM) displays. Nonetheless, due to the existence of backup analog displays for critical flight instruments such as the airspeed indicator and altimeter, the pilots were able to land the aircraft successfully at Newark Airport without radio contact. With the facilitation of global positioning system (GPS) in aircraft, the pilot workload is significantly reduced with increased situational awareness, and safety.
The global aircraft cockpit display system market is studied across: North America, Europe, Asia Pacific and LMAEA (Latin America, Middle East and Africa). In the North American region, there are a large number of mergers and acquisitions between major commercial airlines in the aviation industry. This will lead to growth in demand for the global aircraft cockpit display system, and thus, drive the market in the North American region. In Europe, manufacturers and OEMs are investing in surveillance technologies. For example, Rockwell Collins and Honeywell Aerospace have developed an advanced cockpit technology to deal with the challenges for rotary-wing military aircraft operating in degraded visual environments. Similarly, Rockwell Collins completed a DARPA program to develop an SVAB to produce an integrated 3-D view of the operational environment.
On the basis of system:
• Multi-function flight display systems,
• Primary flight display systems
• EICAS (Engine-indicating and crew-alerting system).
On the basis of End use sector:
• general aviation,
• commercial aviation
• defence & aerospace
The prominent players in the market are Honeywell Aerospace, GE Aviation, Garmin Ltd., Avidyne Corporation, MGL Avionics, Lockheed Martin, Elbit Systems Ltd., Esterline Technologies Corporation, Airbus Group SE and Rockwell Collins, Inc.