As a number of countries are legalizing the use of medical marijuana for recreational use, CBD Oil is quickly gaining popularity and heading towards mainstream acceptance. The medicinal properties of the plant have been lauded by a majority of researchers and doctors. Companies dedicated to producing CBD Oil products are thriving to come up with innovations in CBD-infused products to make them easy and safer to use. From tinctures and oils to candies and CBD-infused balms or roll-ons, CBD is finding its way into a variety of products.
What exactly is CBD?
CBD refers to “Cannabidiol’, a non-intoxicating extract from the cannabis plant that does not have the same psychoactive properties of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) which is found in the marijuana plant. Unlike THC, CBD does not create those psychoactive effects and does not get users “high”.
CBD oil is created by mixing CBD with an inert carrier oil like coconut oil or hemp seed oil. The oil is known as a tincture and is sold in various concentrations. CBD capsules, gummies, candies, and under-the-tongue sprays are some common ways to ingest CBD.
About the cannabis plant
Cannabis belongs to the genus Cannabaceae. There are two main species of this plant that are cultivated for human consumption, known as Cannabis Indica and Cannabis Sativa. The Sativa plant is taller and produces more fiber, making it the species which arose the hemp cultivation. On the other hand, the Indica plant is shorter and bushier, which makes it less suitable for industrial and consumer purposes, but well-suited for producing medical marijuana.
What is the difference between Hemp and Marijuana?
Marijuana consists of the psychoactive compound THC, or delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol, which is responsible for causing a “high”. Marijuana is rightly considered as a “drug” due to its psychoactive properties. The plant is mainly cultivated for medicinal and recreational purposes. Indica and Sativa strains and hybrids are used to create medical marijuana.
Hemp is different from marijuana. Although it contains some cannabinoids, it has a negligible amount of THC. According to the legal guidelines, the hemp must contain less than 0.3 percent of THC, in order to be cultivated legally. Hemp is also used as an industrial crop for manufacturing textiles and building material. It is not claimed as a desirable source of CBD oil.
THC and CBD have a similar molecular structure, with a subtle difference in the arrangement of atoms that create the difference between getting high or not.
The body has an endocannabinoid system, having receptors for cannabinoid compounds like THC and CBD. Both compounds interact with the body through the endocannabinoid system. This biological communication system regulates many functions like sleep, appetite, mood, and immune response.
CBD and THC both have chemical structures similar to the body’s endocannabinoids. This allows the compounds to interact with the endocannabinoid systems’ cannabinoid receptors. The main difference between THC and CBD is nothing but the ability to cause euphoria and mild-altering effects, which is only achieved by THC, not CBD. THC is abundant in marijuana, and CBD is in hemp.
What are the uses and benefits of CBD?
The health benefits of CBD have been critically acclaimed for a long time. CBD is commonly used to address anxiety issues, insomnia and trauma. It also offers options for treating different types of chronic pains. CBD applied to the skin could help lower pain and inflammation caused due to arthritis. This is because CBD inhibits inflammatory and neuropathic pain, two of the most difficult types of chronic pain to treat. It also treats other common issues such as inflammation, acne, heart diseases, depression, and cancer-related symptoms.
CBD can be ingested in the form of edibles, ointments, balms, oils, and tinctures. Various products are available in the market where the retail of cannabis-related products is regulated by state laws. The application of CBD entirely depends on the preference of the user. Some people prefer inhaling CBD through vape pens, while others simply chew on the gummies.
What does the government think about CBD?
CBD is legally obtainable in most parts of the United States and the UK. In the US, all 50 states have laws legalizing CBD with different degrees of restrictions. The federal government considers CBD in the same class as marijuana, but it doesn’t enforce against it.
The Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, also known as the Farm Bill, legalized CBD that is extracted from hemp and contains no more than 0.3% THC. CBD that is extracted from the marijuana plant remains illegal under the Controlled Substances Act because the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) classifies marijuana as a Schedule 1 drug.
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CBD manufacturers have come under the government’s radar for indefensible claims such as CBD is a cure-all for cancer, which is not justified yet. CBD-infused products should be quality checked and sold under government regulations only. However, extreme side-effects are not been noted yet, but it is advisable to limit dosage and look for purity and authenticity in the products.